What is the Difference Between a Real Estate Agent and a Realtor?

Are you working with a Realtor® or a real estate agent? Often, people use the words interchangeably to refer to any individual who handles real estate transactions, but that’s not correct.  A real estate professional can be classified as a real estate agent, Realtor®, and/or broker.  The difference between these titles are the levels of education, experience, and affiliation. So who are these individuals and what do they offer? Are all real estate agents Realtors®, or is there more required to be one or the other? We’ll explain below.

Real Estate Agent

A real estate agent is a person who is licensed to represent buyers and sellers in a real estate transaction. The steps to becoming licensed vary by state, but typically include a minimum number of instructional hours and the passing of a real estate licensing exam. Additionally, many real estate agents have also passed a state background check and have business insurance. Agents are the most common real estate professionals that you’ll run across. All real estate brokers and Realtors® are real estate agents, but not all real estate agents are brokers or Realtors®.

Real Estate Broker

The differences between a real estate agent and broker have to do with education. A real estate broker has pursued a higher level of licensing after working in the industry for a set amount of time. In addition, to become a broker you should be verified by a principal broker and pass a broker exam specific to your state. It is also important to note the difference between a broker associate and a broker of record. A broker associate is a real estate broker working for a real estate company, but a broker of record is the broker of a real estate company. They are in charge of the other agents in the company.

In the end, the most telling differences between a real estate agent and broker are their level of experience. A broker has at least worked in the industry buying and selling homes for a few years.

Realtor

The final title is that of a Realtor®. A real estate agent and a real estate broker can both be Realtors®. The key to being a Realtor® vs. a real estate agent is belonging to the National Association of Realtors (NAR). Only members of this association can be identified as a Realtor®.

What makes a Realtor® unique? Members of the NAR have all taken a pledge to follow a set of ethics and guidelines that ensure their integrity. These codes of ethics carry weight for a Realtor® in their day-to-day business practices and cover a wide range of pledges:

  1. Shall put the interests of buyers and sellers ahead of their own.
  2. Shall cooperate with other brokers and agents if it’s in the best interest of the client.
  3. Shall refuse fees from more than one party without consent.
  4. Shall not discriminate in any fashion.
  5. Shall always present the truth in advertising.

All in all, the REALTOR® Code of Ethics offers a very specific outline for how an agent or broker should think, act, and perform their duties. This is not to say that the main broker and Realtor® difference is the type of individual—an ethical or non-ethical person. A broker can follow these same ethics guidelines without being a member of the National Association of Realtors®. However, being a member of the NAR does offer a course of action if you have a complaint; you can contact your local board of Realtors®.

Choosing Your Real Estate Professional

So, how do you choose the right real estate professional for you? The right individual will be different for every transaction, buyer, and seller. You need to decide if having a few extra years of experience and education or adherence to a specific code of ethics makes you feel more comfortable hiring one person over another.

No matter whom you decide, we recommend carefully vetting all your candidates and reviewing their qualifications before making your choice. A Realtor® isn’t necessarily better than a broker, and an agent isn’t necessarily less experienced than a broker. It all depends on their qualifications. We can say with confidence that if you choose Coldwell Banker Grass Roots Realty, you will be happy with whichever agent, Realtor®, or broker you choose to work with.

Looking to buy or sell in the Nevada County area? Give a Coldwell Banker agent a call today!

About the Author:

Coldwell Banker Grass Roots Realty specialize in Nevada County real estate. Search homes for sale in Grass Valley, Nevada City, Penn Valley, Lake Wildwood, Auburn and Lake of the Pines CA. Search land, commercial properties for sale and lease. Browse our experienced Realtors, sales associates, agents. Our agents are Full Time, Full Service Realtors ready to help you. We provide up to date information about our local community, as well as information about the current real estate market. Our website is updated daily. We are dedicated to helping you find your home. Contact us today!